Anal cancer is a rare form or bowel cancer. It is strongly linked to the human papillioma virus (HPV), which is also known for causing cervical cancer in women. Approximately 1,000 people in the UK are diagnosed with anal cancer each year.
The most common symptoms of anal cancer include:
- bleeding from the anus
- pain, discomfort and itching around the anus
- small lumps around the anus which may be confused with piles (haemorrhoids)
- difficulty controlling your bowels (faecal incontinence)
- discharge of a jelly-like substance from the anus (mucus)
- ulcers around the anus that can spread to the skin of the buttocks.
Causes and possible risk factors of anal cancer
Anal cancer is slightly more common in women than in men. Many factors can increase your risk of developing anal cancer.
Human papilloma virus (HPV)(also causes cervical and vaginal jade goody websit)
Anal cancer is far more likely to develop in those you gave contracted the HPV virus, which increases depending on the number of sexual partners you have.
People who have anal intercourse are more likely to develop anal cancer. This is mainly because they are more likely to have anal HPV. However, anal cancer can also develop in people who have never had anal intercourse or HPV.
Smoking tobacco increases the risk of developing many cancers, including anal cancer.